Back pain is a broadly encompassing medical condition, and also is one most frequently encountered in the clinic. Patients can range from as little as infant children to the very aged, though there is a marked tendency for back pain symptoms to be presented by middle-aged people (20-50 years of age).
Back pain is renowned as one of the most frustrating problems for the patient because generally it tends to be a long lasting dull pain that greatly affects movement and even household chores become a difficult task, apart from depressing the mood of the patient.
Patients presenting with back pain usually complain of an array of symptoms. They can include:
- A dull aching pain in a poorly localized region of the back.
- Sharp, shooting, pain in any region of the back.
- Pain that radiates down one of the buttocks and can reach up to the legs (very rarely both legs are involved).
- Limited flexibility and range of motion, and/or pain when the back is moved through a certain portion of its total range of motion.
- Pain when standing up, sitting or lying down on the bed.
- Pain in the back which is usually relieved whilst walking.
- Back Pain in the lower back or hip that is usually relieved when the patient moves (usually flexion) his/her back or legs in a certain position.
The intensity of all these symptoms can vary from being mild to debilitating intense.
The underlying causes of the symptoms of back pain are immensely diverse. Some of the pathologies occur more frequently than others. The following is a list of most of the common pathologies, and some of the uncommon ones:
- Muscle spasm is one of the most common causes of back pain and is a result of many factors like improper posture during walking or sitting, overuse as in sports, an uneven sleeping surface, lifting heavy weights through your back, etc.
- Arthritic intervertebral joints which cause pain when moved.
- Sciatica, which can result from a variety of factors ranging from intervertebral disc tearing pushing on the nerve roots (discussed next) to torsion resulting from abnormal or diseased ligaments and joints along the nerve path.
- A herniated vertebral disc which almost always results from the lifting of heavy weights improperly through the back and/or subjecting the back to an unnatural range of motion. The intervertebral discs are held between spinal vertebra and rupture of the fibrous periphery of these discs results in the spongy middle portion to leak out and compress the adjacent spinal nerve roots. This can cause in the area of distribution of the nerve.
- Vertebral fracture.
- Cancer can spread through the spinal vertebra or the intervertebral column. This usually results in progressively worsening pain that becomes unbearable.
Treatment from Ozone Therapy:
One of the newest treatments available for back pain for disc prolapse and muscle spasm is Ozone therapy. Ozone is injected in to disc to reduce its volume and so pressure on nerves is released resulting in no back pain. Therapy is done with out any anesthesia and takes only few minutes. Patient has to stay for few hours in hospital and go back to work next day in most of the cases. For muscular spam ozone can be injected in to skin and muscles with help of small needle also with out any side effects.
It is suggested that the efficacy of ozone in the treatment of diseases causing back pain results from its ability to increase blood oxygen levels. Increased blood oxygen pressure directly improves muscle spasms and even helps the body combat malignant growth.